Install a ThemePack on Windows 7

Bored of seeing the same desktop background or resetting from the ones already available…. Wishing to have a new theme. Confused how to get a brand new theme for your desktop and install it…

This post is targetting  “How you can personalize your desktop themes once you get a “Themepack”.

The below steps will install theme pack irrespective of version of operating system for Windows7 ,be it 64 bit or 32 bit.

So here we go:

Step 1: Get a new ThemePack for Windows 7. Click on the link to download Themepacks. http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows/downloads/personalize/themes . You will cone across the below screen.

Windows7Themes

 

 

Step 2 : Save the downloaded Theme pack file at any location and double click to install the theme for your PC.

 

ThemePackIconThemePackWindow

Step 3: To set the current theme , you can go by any of the two ways:

Way 1:

1) Right click on desktop and click personalize.

 

PersonlizeWindow

Way 2:

1) Go to Control Panel Home.

ControlHome

2) Select Appearance and Personalization

3) Select Personalization.

You will come across the same screen as below any of the options chosen.

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Select the theme installed and there you go… New Cool Theme for your Windows 7… Enjoy… Smile

Virtual Hard Disk(Creating,attaching and detaching VHD in Windows 7)

What is Virtual Hard Disk?

Virtual Hard Disk is a file format or replica identical to physical hard drive. It allows multiple operating systems to reside on host machine without having the need to create partitions on your hard disk.

VHD support in Windows7

Windows7 has support for creating Virtual Hard Disks. So after upgrading my PC to Windows 7 , I decided to give a try to this new in built feature.

Here are the steps:

1) First go to the Disk Management Window. 3 ways.. to get there..

a) Click Start->Right Click Computer-> and Select-> Manage or

b) Click Start-> Click Control Panel->System and Security->Administrative Tools->Computer Management or

c) Type compmgmt.msc in Search Box and press Enter.

Under Storage option, click Disk Management to see the disks. This is my comp’s Disk Management View.

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Step1: Right click Disk Management option or click Action on Menu and select the Create VHD option.

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Step 2: Select the location to save your VHD file format. Enter it’s size . Choose the hard disk format. The options are self-descriptive.

For detailed explanation click here (ignore the title.) 

I chose to save the file as Vista.vhd in Vista VHD folder on G: drive. Virtual Hard Disk Size: 20GB. clip_image006

You might see this popup if notifications are enabled while the vhd files are being created.

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Step 3: Now you see the black colored space saying Unknown ..Not initialized.

So right click and Initialize it. The next windows explains why to do so: You have to initialize disk to access it. Simple isn’t it?

Then select MBR option . Master Boot Record abbreviated as MBR does the job of bootstrapping or activating the operating systems .

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Finally after success you should see a similar screen with Disk1 but unallocated…So….

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Step 5: Now create a simple volume. Select the volume size. Select the letter for your drive. I selected “P”.

Format it using NTFS.

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You have you primary partition created.

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Once done.. you see the following window popped up.

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Step 6: To detach VHD, right click Disk Management or Action and select Detach VHD.

 

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Here are the links  for the best Blogs I referred and followed:

http://blogs.technet.com/aviraj/archive/2009/01/17/windows-7-boot-from-vhd-first-impression-part-1.aspx

http://blogs.msdn.com/virtual_pc_guy/archive/2009/02/05/mounting-vhds-with-windows-7.aspx

Windows XP mode in Windows 7(Part 2)

My last blog gave information to check virtualization support for your PC.

Now the further steps:

  • Select the correct operating system for Windows XP mode. (Else downloading a 500 mb file will be a waste.)
  • Then download Windows Virtual PC.

Install Windows XP , then Windows Virtual PC and after restarting you get to see the following options.

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Click on the Windows XP Mode . Start the setup. Select the installation folder. Enter your credentials and continue.

The instructions for how to use Windows XP mode are well explained  during the installation process. Read them and get started working on your very own Windows XP …

Here are some snapshots.

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After complete installation ,you see what you wish. So enjoy using XP on Win7.

XPMode

You can also play with the Virtual PC settings for your Windows XP mode .For e.g. ( Actions to be taken while shutting down a virtual machine).

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Windows XP mode in Windows 7(Part 1).

Windows XP Mode for Windows 7 makes it easy to install and run many Windows XP  applications directly from your Windows 7-based PC.

Windows Virtual PC is the latest Microsoft virtualization technology for Windows 7. It is the runtime engine for Windows XP Mode to provide a virtual Windows environment for Windows 7. Applications that have compatibility issues with Windows 7 but ran successfully on Windows XP also run on XP mode provided by  Windows Virtual PC.

What you need to check to run the XP mode:

1) Check whether your hardware supports virtualization.Click this link.Microsoft Hardware Assisted Virtualization Detection Tool .Install and run the tool.

2) Cases after running the tool.

a ) Computer does not have hardware requirement for Virtualization

b ) Computer has hardware support  but it is not enabled.

c ) Computer is configured with hardware-assisted virtualization.

In my case the hardware was not enabled.I came across this message.

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For Dell models,here are the instructions listed . Check out this link for other models of computers..How do I change virtualization settings in BIOS?.

  • Press F12. Go to BIOS Settings. Virtualization is turned off by default . Enable it.
  • Save settings and then exit.Else changes done, wont apply.
  • Restart.

Here are snapshots of working in BIOS.

BIOS settings   Virtualization option in BIOS   Initalling disabled. 

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After  enabling  Virtualization in your PC,running the HAV tool gives you this message.

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Once done,go ahead and install Windows Virtual PC.

“NTLDR is missing” problem solved in Windows XP.

You switch on your pc,select the OS and find what
NTLDR missing!!! Cant get in?
Here’s the solution..

What is NTLDR?
NTLDR is the boot loader for Windows NT operating systems including
Windows XP.It runs from primary hard drive to load the OS selected from
the startup menu with the help of boot sector in a file.

Components important to load OS:
NTLDR: contains boot loader
boot.ini : system file which stores list of Operating Systems
to be shown at start up .
ntdetect.com: detects basic hardware required to start the operating system.
ntoskrnl.exe/ntkrnlpa.exe : stores kernal image of Windows NT systems &
responsible for various system services such as hardware virtualisation process and memory management, etc.

Here’s how u can get back into your Windows XP.
1. Insert the Windows XP bootable CD into the computer.
2. When prompted to press any key to boot from the CD, press any key.
3. Once in the Windows XP setup menu press the “R” key to repair Windows.
4. Log into your Windows installation by pressing the “1” key and pressing enter.
5. You will then be prompted for your administrator password, enter that password(Usually it is
password,if not set)
6. Copy the below two files to the root directory of the primary hard disk.
The CD-ROM drive letter may be different on your computer.
Here it is “e.”

copy e:\i386\ntldr c:\
copy e:\i386\ntdetect.com c:\

7. Once both of these files have been successfully copied, remove the CD from the computer and reboot.

Working of NTLDR.
When booting NTLDR follows these steps in order:

1. Accesses the file system on the boot drive (either FAT or NT File System, NTFS).
2. If hiberfil.sys is found, and it finds a hibernation image, its contents are loaded into memory and the system resumes where it left off.
3. Otherwise, reads boot.ini and prompts the user with the boot menu accordingly.
4. If a non NT-based OS is selected, then NTLDR loads the associated file listed in boot.ini and gives it control.
5. If an NT-based OS is selected, then NTLDR runs ntdetect.com, which detects the computer’s hardware to load the OS.
6. Starts Ntoskrnl.exe, passing to it the information returned by ntdetect.com.

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